Behavioural, Emotional and Social Difficulties (BESD): Understanding and Supporting BESD Children


Abstract Behavioural, Emotional, and Social Difficulties (BESD) describe a range of interlinked challenges affecting children’s ability to interact with educational and social settings. This comprehensive analysis examines the nature of BESD, its manifestations, root causes, and the nuances of its presentation across genders, cultures, and over time. While behavioural issues manifest as disruption or withdrawal, … Read more

Learning Disabilities and Difficulties

down syndrome

Abstract This comprehensive overview delves into the broad spectrum of learning disabilities and difficulties that individuals encounter in their educational pursuits. The content emphasises the importance of differentiating between varied terminologies to accurately comprehend and support affected individuals. A key clarification is made regarding Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and its distinction from learning disabilities, despite … Read more

Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Acts: A Deep Dive into Inclusivity in Education

Special Educational Needs and Disabilities acts

Abstract Over the past several decades, the UK’s approach to special educational needs (SEN) and disabilities in education has undergone a significant transformation, influenced by numerous legislative acts. From the ground-breaking Education Act of 1981, which first recognised the rights of children with SEN, to the comprehensive Children and Families Act 2014, which introduced holistic … Read more

EHCP Comprehensive Guide (Education, Health and Care Plan)


Abstract The Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP) is a critical support mechanism for children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) in the UK. This comprehensive guide delves into the EHCP’s definition, significance, and components. As a legally binding document, the EHCP delineates the educational, health, and social care needs of … Read more

Special Educational Needs Coordinator (SENCO): A Comprehensive Overview


Abstract Special education plays a vital role in the broader educational framework, catering to children with diverse learning requirements. Central to this is the Special Educational Needs Coordinator (SENCO), who orchestrates the support provided to these children. This article elucidates the role, responsibilities, and qualifications of a SENCO. It also provides insights into when one … Read more

The Role of the SEN Teaching Assistant

sen teaching assistant

Abstract The education sector has undergone significant adaptations to cater to a diverse student population. A notable change has been the integration of SEN Teaching Assistants. These specialised professionals support students with learning difficulties or disabilities, ensuring tailored assistance for academic and social growth. The pathway to becoming an SEN Teaching Assistant involves specific educational … Read more

SEN Code of Practice: An Essential Guide to Supporting Special Educational Needs

sen class

Abstract The Special Educational Needs (SEN) Code of Practice is a pivotal guide for institutions in the UK, aimed at enhancing the educational experience for children and young individuals with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND). This paper offers an in-depth overview of the Code, elaborating on its purpose, the strategic graduated approach it proposes, … Read more

The SEN Register: A Cornerstone for Inclusive Education


Abstract The SEN Register stands as a pivotal instrument in promoting inclusive education, aiming to cater to the diverse needs of children with Special Educational Needs (SEN). Rooted in principles advocating for inclusivity, the SEN Register meticulously records the unique requirements of these children, the support rendered, their academic progress, and relevant external agency involvements. … Read more